Abstract: Kuwait’s outstanding position in the northwestern part of the Arabian Gulf and the northeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula has made it located between three historically and archaeologically important blocks: Iran East, Iraq North, and the Arabian Peninsula “Saudi Arabia” South of what has created it to be a political, human, strategic and economic force throughout the ages. Especially, Kuwait’s present territory was within the territory of the Central Arab State of Kinda, which took place from the third to the fifth century AD. Kuwait, like most regions of the Arabian Peninsula, has not received a large share of archaeological works to reveal prehistoric times for many reasons. Nevertheless, what has been discovered by foreign archaeological missions that began their work since 1958 with the work of the Danish mission on Failaka Island shows a prominent place for Kuwait during those times, whether in the Neolithic era or before. The most important archaeological site of interest in historical archaeological studies is the site of Failaka Island, the oldest of which dates to Neolithic times. Besides, there are many archaeological sites in Kuwait. (As Sabiyah in northern Kuwait, where the English Mission began exploring under the leadership of Professor Harit Crofor since 1998. Other sites such as Burgan, Kazma, Al-Wafra, Umm Al-Namil Island, Wadi Al-Batin, Warah and others. The Study showed that human settlement of ancient eras and civilizations of abysmal, stone, bronze, slave civilization had an influential presence in Kuwait.

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